Global wine production jumped 17% in 2018 to 292.3 million hectolitres, after tumbling 8.2% in 2017, according to the International Organisation of Vine and Wine.
Climate change is clearly accentuating volatility, with an increasing propensity for droughts, floods, premature harvests and yield variations.
The amount of land devoted to vineyards has been declining over the past 15 years, but stabilised in 2018 at 7.4 million hectares. The largest areas under vines in 2018 were:
In contrast, there have been big swings in wine production (excluding juice and musts), with increases or decreases of 20% of more for 7 of the top 10 countries in 2018.
2018 saw the biggest surge of the current century, but production was slightly higher in 2004.